balansa_clover_small

Balansa Clover “FIXatioN

$5.43 per lb.

Bulk Discount Pricing

2 - 9 lbs.
$4.89 / lb.
10 - 19 lbs.
$4.34 / lb.
20 - 29 lbs.
$3.80 / lb.
30 - 39 lbs.
$3.26 / lb.
40 - 49 lbs.
$2.71 / lb.
50+ lbs.
$2.17 / lb.

Due to the very small seed size, comparable to a white clover, balansa requires less pounds of seed per acre than many other clovers. When balansa is in the early rosette stage of its life cycle, above ground growth may be limited but it will be utilizing its energy to anchor the taproot which has been observed to reach 18″ deep in just 45 days. Balansa is very tolerant of grazing in the rosette stage, in fact this actually encourages balansa to tiller more readily. If your suffering from soybean cyst nematodes an added bonus is that balansa isn’t a host plant, while crimson clover is a moderate host. Flowering will occur about two weeks later than crimson clover in the spring and can last for about 4-5 weeks. The flowers can range from white to pink and are very attractive to pollinator insects. As balansa matures it produces very large hollow stems, making a roller/crimper a viable termination method.

Basic Info

Maturity
Late May- Early July
Seeds/lb
500,000
C/N Ratio
15:1
Growth Habit
Prostrate
Winter Hardiness
Zone 5A

Use

You could consider the management of this clover to be very similar to crimson clover boosted with the added bonus of increased cold tolerance and biomass production. Balansa has been observed to withstand subzero temperatures for several days especially when protected by either plant residues or snow cover. Balansa is one of the best reseeding annual clovers we offer. A mature plant can only support about 3' of vertical height then, it will continue to grow prostrate as far as 8-10' across the soil surface. This large amount of biomass production can smoother out the competition. Balansa can be cut for hay or grazed to produce over a 20% CP, high digestibility and extremely palatable forage. High forage quality is maintained through all growth stages due to the mature plant producing a lush hollow stems as opposed to a woodier stem like similar forage legumes.

Nitrogen Fixing Potential
8 / 50-100
N Scavenge
5
Dry Matter
3,500-5,500
Lasting Residue
5
Erosion Control
7
Traffic Bearing
3
Grazing Potential
10
Forage Harvest
10
Root Type
Branching Taproot
Soil Builder
7
Cash Crop Interseeding
9

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Advantages

Due to the very small seed size, comparable to a white clover, balansa requires less pounds of seed per acre than many other clovers. When balansa is in the early rosette stage of its life cycle, above ground growth may be limited but it will be utilizing its energy to anchor the taproot which has been observed to reach 18" deep in just 45 days. Balansa is very tolerant of grazing in the rosette stage, in fact this actually encourages balansa to tiller more readily. If your suffering from soybean cyst nematodes an added bonus is that balansa isn't a host plant, while crimson clover is a moderate host. Flowering will occur about two weeks later than crimson clover in the spring and can last for about 4-5 weeks. The flowers can range from white to pink and are very attractive to pollinator insects. As balansa matures it produces very large hollow stems, making a roller/crimper a viable termination method.

Subsoiler
3
Surface Compaction
5
Rendering P & K
5
Traffic Bearing
3
Nematode Control
5
Disease Control
5
Allelopathic Effect
3
Weed Control
9
Short Growth Time
8

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Disadvantages

The biggest disadvantage with balansa clover is that its very prone to be hard seeded. In fact nearly a third to one half of the product will come hard seeded, meaning that these seeds may germination over several years. This could be an issue for those wanting a cover crop present only certain times of the season. This is an advantage for those wanting an annual species to maintain its presence in a pasture, food plot, or even commercial fields for numerous years. Another possible con could be its high reseeding potential when allowed to flower but this cultivar matures two weeks after many crimson clovers. This could be an advantage if you allow balansa to grow just 40 days after first bloom every 3-4 years, it could truly sustain a solid stand. Once reaching full bloom, regrowth will be minimal if hayed or grazed at this point. Like many other small seeded legumes, there is the possibility for bloat associated with animals that are able to gorge themselves in pure or dominating stands. A few pests to watch for would be the redlegged earth mite at establishment, lucerne flea during warm months and blue-green aphids in warmer regions. Balansa is tolerant of heavy, wet soils but its most vulnerable to root rots during establishment, particularly in cold, wet conditions.

Weed Potential
3
Potential Insect/Nematode Risk
7
Crop Disease Risk
6
Effect Cash Crop
5
Ease of Establishment
2
Ease of Till-Kill
6
Ease of Chem-Kill
2
Ease of Mow-Kill
3

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Planting

Balansa is a versatile clover that can be planted during various times of the season. If spring planting be sure to get it sown as soon as possible, enabling it to utilize early moisture and get ahead of other species. Getting a good establishment in the fall has proven to always produce more total biomass. Germination can occur in just 3 days, noting its very rapid emergence compared to other small seeded legumes. Balansa can be interseed into an established perennial pasture successfully if sufficient sunlight is able to reach the soil. To maintain a nice annual stand, we would encourage you to allow balansa to reach maturity in its first season as described in the disadvantage section. Doing this will allow you to stockpile your seed bank for several seasons before you need to manage your clover to maturity again. Due to the extremely small seed size, its best to broadcast or lightly scratch the seed into the soil surface if planting a monoculture. If your chemical plan allows, interseeding balansa into your corn between V4-V8 can provide an early lead to a fall clover cover crop. Establishing after a cereal crop has proven to be more reliable then frost seeding. Its suggested that interseeding into soybeans before leaf drop can hamper the stand of balansa due to the thick leaf residue smothering the young seedlings during emergence so we encourage utilizing balansa in a mixture for this scenario.

Ideal Planting Time
Early SpringAugust - October
Ideal Planting Depth
1/5 - 1/4"
Min Germination Temp(F)
42
Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A)
5-6
Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A)
6-8
Reseeding Potential
Very Possible

Tolerance

Balansas is a versatile clover that can withstand a wide array of soil types and one of the largest legumes pH ranges from 4.5-9.0. Balansa really sets itself apart from other clovers with its ability to withstand saturated and briefly flooded soils. In fact due to the nature of this plant it preform poorly in deep, infertile, sandy soils. If your interested in selecting a clover to interseed into your established corn stand, balansa has shown some excellent shade tolerance. Biomass production is directly correlated with rainfall for this species due to its shallower rooting structure, it really needs to be grown in areas that receive at least 17"+ rainfall. Salinity tolerance would be classified in the low to moderate range at best. If planted early enough in the fall grazing is encouraged to increase tillering but don't graze below 1.5". Balansa has been observed to withstand 5F when unprotected and well below zero if protected with snow or other plant residue.

Heat
8
Drought
6
Shade
8
Wet Soil Tolerance
9
Low Fertility
4
pH
4.5 - 9.0

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent