Florida Broadleaf Mustard

$5.63 per lb.

Bulk Discount Pricing

2 - 9 lbs.
$5.07 / lb.
10 - 19 lbs.
$4.50 / lb.
20 - 29 lbs.
$3.94 / lb.
30 - 39 lbs.
$3.38 / lb.
40 - 49 lbs.
$2.81 / lb.
50+ lbs.
$2.25 / lb.

Mustard produces significantly more glucosinolates than other brassicas, which biofumigates the soil during decomposition, proving to be toxic to many soil pathogens and pests. If this is your goal than another mustard species should be utilized, since this cultivar isn’t as suited for this purpose. Growing mustard in a potato rotation was observed to increase tuber quality and yields similar to that of chemically fumigated fields. Other documented effects of having mustard in your rotation is suppressing potato early dying and reduced root rot in pea rotations. Some customers are concerned that these mustards are difficult to control like their wild cousins but actually they can be easily terminated with many commonly utilized herbicides. Mustard forage is known for its ability to be utilized as a natural dewormer in grazing systems.

Basic Info

Maturity
80 days
Seeds/lb
100,000
C/N Ratio
20-30:1
Growth Habit
Leafy Bush
Winter Hardiness
Zone 7

Use

Mustard can tolerate low fertility soils ranging from well drained to moderately well drained. Soils prone to ponding or flooding, especially at establishment can prove ensifficant for mustard. Though mustard can withstand minor freezes, it will winter kill around 20-25 F. If salinity is an issue in your soils you may want to consider utilizing mustard as it will preform as well as barley. This species doesn't have much tolerance for shading therefore it could prove difficult to interseed into a standing cash crop. We attempted to interseed mustard into our corn at V7 and the shading from the corn proved to control the mustard from ever developing. For this reason mustards work best when established the same time as other species in the field or if sufficient light is able to penetrate the canopy. Mustards excellent drought tolerance sets it apart from other brassicas in dry times.

Nitrogen Fixing Potential
N/A
N Scavenge
30-120
Dry Matter
3,000-9,000
Lasting Residue
4
Erosion Control
8
Traffic Bearing
8
Grazing Potential
10
Forage Harvest
7
Root Type
Fibrous Taproot
Soil Builder
8
Cash Crop Interseeding
7

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Advantages

Mustard produces significantly more glucosinolates than other brassicas, which biofumigates the soil during decomposition, proving to be toxic to many soil pathogens and pests. If this is your goal than another mustard species should be utilized, since this cultivar isn't as suited for this purpose. Growing mustard in a potato rotation was observed to increase tuber quality and yields similar to that of chemically fumigated fields. Other documented effects of having mustard in your rotation is suppressing potato early dying and reduced root rot in pea rotations. Some customers are concerned that these mustards are difficult to control like their wild cousins but actually they can be easily terminated with many commonly utilized herbicides. Mustard forage is known for its ability to be utilized as a natural dewormer in grazing systems.

Subsoiler
6
Surface Compaction
7
Rendering P & K
5
Traffic Bearing
8
Nematode Control
7
Disease Control
7
Allelopathic Effect
7
Weed Control
7
Short Growth Time
8

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Disadvantages

Be sure not to add mustard into a rotation where another brassica is desired for harvest, due to the potential for disease transfer. Bio-toxic effects from decomposing, green plant material can negatively effect a cash crop. This is most severe when green plant material is worked into the soil profile. Therefore planting should be delayed until three weeks after the mustard has been terminated. If you are interested in having a species that draws in beneficial/pollinator insects in the fall then this isn't your species because we have not seed it bolt during this time frame. Other mustards species should be utilized for this situation.

Weed Potential
5
Potential Insect/Nematode Risk
3
Crop Disease Risk
1
Effect Cash Crop
5
Ease of Establishment
1
Ease of Till-Kill
1
Ease of Chem-Kill
3
Ease of Mow-Kill
7

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Planting

Mustard rapid emergence will occur within 5-7 days. This species thrives in cooler conditions and a good establishment is easy to achieve when sufficient moisture is available. Mustard needs sufficient N and S for optimum growth, with the ideal ratio being 6:1. Sulfur is needed by the plant to produce glucosinolates, which contributes to the bio-fumigant effect. Add only a couple pounds of seed to a mixture, to avoid out competing other species. If seed production is a concern delay planting long enough to allow the mustard to winterkill before mature seed is developed but early enough to insure sufficient growth. We haven't seen Florida broadleaf bolt when planted in the fall unlike the other mustards which will attempt to reproduce.

Ideal Planting Time
Ideal Planting Depth
1/4 - 3/4"
Min Germination Temp(F)
40
Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A)
5-8
Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A)
10-15
Reseeding Potential
Possible

Tolerance

Heat
6
Drought
8
Shade
3
Wet Soil Tolerance
3
Low Fertility
7
pH
5.5-7.5

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent