Forage Collards

Collards: Impact Forage

$4.75 per lb.

Bulk Discount Pricing

2 - 9 lbs.
$4.28 / lb.
10 - 19 lbs.
$3.80 / lb.
20 - 29 lbs.
$3.32 / lb.
30 - 39 lbs.
$2.85 / lb.
40 - 49 lbs.
$2.38 / lb.
50+ lbs.
$1.90 / lb.

Vernalization is required for collards to bolt (become reproductive) therefore planting anytime during the growing season will result in pure vegetative growth. Vernalization is a prolonged cold special that triggers a species genetic code within the plant to start reproducing. This is important because the longer a species stays in the vegatative stage, the more total biomass production potential. In fact you could plant collards in the spring and it they will continue to grow through that next spring before trying to reproduce. Collards growing point is protected close to the surface making for excellent regrowth potential after grazing. Premium forage produced by collard ranks it above many other options on the current market place in CP and digestibility.

Basic Info

Maturity
May-June after Vernalization
Seeds/lb
175,000
C/N Ratio
15-30
Growth Habit
Leafy Bush
Winter Hardiness
Zone 5A

Use

The versatility offered by collards commands its addition within nearly any mixture during the growing season. In most early spring and summer mixtures, many brassicas will grow reproductive therefore not producing sufficient biomass. Collards on the other hand remain vegetative for an extended period time and can reproduce lost biomass for continued seasonal grazing or haying. Similar to rape, collards large tap root focuses its root growth downward, penetrating deep into the profile through tough hardpans. Being a brassica, collards are excellent at scavenging excess nutrients remaining from the previous crop with the added benefit of maintaining living roots in the soil profile until termination is determined that next spring.

Nitrogen Fixing Potential
N/A
N Scavenge
30-100
Dry Matter
6,000-8,000
Lasting Residue
5
Erosion Control
8
Traffic Bearing
8
Grazing Potential
9
Forage Harvest
8
Root Type
Taproot
Soil Builder
7
Cash Crop Interseeding
8

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Advantages

Vernalization is required for collards to bolt (become reproductive) therefore planting anytime during the growing season will result in pure vegetative growth. Vernalization is a prolonged cold special that triggers a species genetic code within the plant to start reproducing. This is important because the longer a species stays in the vegatative stage, the more total biomass production potential. In fact you could plant collards in the spring and it they will continue to grow through that next spring before trying to reproduce. Collards growing point is protected close to the surface making for excellent regrowth potential after grazing. Premium forage produced by collard ranks it above many other options on the current market place in CP and digestibility.

Subsoiler
9
Surface Compaction
8
Rendering P & K
6
Traffic Bearing
8
Nematode Control
8
Disease Control
7
Allelopathic Effect
7
Weed Control
7
Short Growth Time
8

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Disadvantages

Brassicas can produce excellent quality hay but the biggest difficulty is getting the biomass to dry down effectively. Therefore haylage or grazing are more suitable uses. Collards biggest pest issue seems to be cabbage beetle, which can devour the leaves with extreme effectiveness when in concentrated populations. This species has a waxy leaf which can be difficult to get a good herbicide termination. So be sure to utilize a surfactant or sticking agent to insure the chemical adheres to the leaf surface. Glyphosate termination is not recommended as you won't likely get a sufficient kill so, be sure to use broadleaf specific herbicide. Mowing is not a feasible option for termination because this species will effectively grow back from the crown. Don't ever plant any brassicas in a field where canola will be grown due to potential disease issues.

Weed Potential
3
Potential Insect/Nematode Risk
3
Crop Disease Risk
1
Effect Cash Crop
4
Ease of Establishment
1
Ease of Till-Kill
1
Ease of Chem-Kill
6
Ease of Mow-Kill
10

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Planting

Collards are added within mixtures throughout much of the year and can put on the ground with any application method. With over 175,000 seed per pound, adding just a few pounds to a mixture will surfice. Some customers interseed collards into pasture ground to fill voids within the stand and increase the CP. This is only successful if sunlight and moisture are sufficient enough to atleast allow the collards to get established. Collard can be broadcast into established standing crops with the same effectiveness as other brassica species. Broadcasting brassicas to early in a shaded canopy will create a very spindly brassica with a weak root. Fall planting provides an excellent over winter brassica to complement your winter hardy grasses and legumes.

Ideal Planting Time
March - early Oct
Ideal Planting Depth
1/4 - 1/2"
Min Germination Temp(F)
40
Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A)
5-8
Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A)
8-12
Reseeding Potential
Not Likely

Tolerance

Collards has proven itself to thrive within an array of seasonal extremes. For our northern producers, collards have been able to withstand conditions below zero for several days without any protection. Making Impacts one of the most winter hardy brassicas currently available. Leaves may wilt or burn around the edges but vegetation will remain green and viable throughout the winter. On the other extreme, once collards large tap root sets into the soil profile, it can thrive during the hot, dry summers that many of us experience. Collards resilience and waxy leaves, will allow it to hold on through the harshest conditions until better days come. Collards can tolerate continued, low grazing pressure which explains why mowing is not a viable termination method.

Heat
9
Drought
7
Shade
6
Wet Soil Tolerance
3
Low Fertility
5
pH
5.5-7.5

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent