Brown Top Millet

Browntop Millet

$1.75 per lb.

Bulk Discount Pricing

2 - 9 lbs.
$1.57 / lb.
10 - 19 lbs.
$1.40 / lb.
20 - 29 lbs.
$1.22 / lb.
30 - 39 lbs.
$1.05 / lb.
40 - 49 lbs.
$0.88 / lb.
50+ lbs.
$0.70 / lb.

With extremely rapid growth, browntop millet can fill narrow growing windows to produce a nice quality forage. Under ideal conditions seed will germination within 5 days and forage or seed will be ready to harvest within two months time. Very fine stems and leaves allows plant material to dry down effectively for dry hay production. Browntop millet is an effective nurse crop, much like oats, in stabilizing erosive hill slopes and providing cover for slower growing target species to become established. Research has shown browntop helps to suppress root-knot nematode within the soil. This species is very inexpensive, providing a full stand for less than $15 an acre. With the ability to easily reseed and that seed to remain viable in the soil profile for years, makes browntop millet an excellent regenerating food plot for wildlife.

Basic Info

Maturity
60-70 days
Seeds/lb
120,000
C/N Ratio
15-50:1
Growth Habit
Erect/Prostrate
Winter Hardiness
Frost Kill

Use

With extremely rapid growth, browntop millet can fill narrow growing windows to produce a nice quality forage. Under ideal conditions seed will germination within 5 days and forage or seed will be ready to harvest within two months time. Very fine stems and leaves allows plant material to dry down effectively for dry hay production. Browntop millet is an effective nurse crop, much like oats, in stabilizing erosive hill slopes and providing cover for slower growing target species to become established. Research has shown browntop helps to suppress root-knot nematode within the soil. This species is very inexpensive, providing a full stand for less than $15 an acre. With the ability to easily reseed and that seed to remain viable in the soil profile for years, makes browntop millet an excellent regenerating food plot for wildlife.

Nitrogen Fixing Potential
0 / NA
N Scavenge
7
Dry Matter
1,800-8,000
Lasting Residue
8
Erosion Control
10
Traffic Bearing
5
Grazing Potential
8
Forage Harvest
9
Root Type
Fibrous
Soil Builder
7
Cash Crop Interseeding
3

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Advantages

With extremely rapid growth, browntop millet can fill narrow growing windows to produce a nice quality forage. Under ideal conditions seed will germination within 5 days and forage or seed will be ready to harvest within two months time. Very fine stems and leaves allows plant material to dry down effectively for dry hay production. Browntop millet is an effective nurse crop, much like oats, in stabilizing erosive hill slopes and providing cover for slower growing target species to become established. Research has shown browntop helps to suppress root-knot nematode within the soil. This species is very inexpensive, providing a full stand for less than $15 an acre. With the ability to easily reseed and that seed to remain viable in the soil profile for years, makes browntop millet an excellent regenerating food plot for wildlife.

Subsoiler
3
Surface Compaction
8
Rendering P & K
5
Traffic Bearing
5
Nematode Control
8
Disease Control
7
Allelopathic Effect
1
Weed Control
8
Short Growth Time
10

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Disadvantages

Though browntop is suitable for forage production, expect to receive relatively lower biomass yields than other warm season annual grasses possibilities. In fact one publication stated you can expect 60-70% the biomass production compared to a pearl millet or sorghum X sudan. Like many other warm season grasses, nitrates can be a serious concern if to much N is available during drought or cool growing conditions. If nitrates are a possible concern, always run a forage analysis before feeding to livestock. Army worms and grasshoppers are very common pests to this species. Though browntop millet is very rapid in growth, its not very competitive with weeds in early growth stages. If this species is allowed seed out then it could become a serious weed concern if left unchecked because with prolific seeding potential and seeds that can remain in the soil for numerous years. If a weed seed bank is created, this could cause harvesting difficulties for subsequent cash crops if volunteer seed isn't controlled.

Weed Potential
8
Potential Insect/Nematode Risk
4
Crop Disease Risk
3
Effect Cash Crop
5
Ease of Establishment
2
Ease of Till-Kill
3
Ease of Chem-Kill
1
Ease of Mow-Kill
3

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent

Planting

Browntop millet can be planted over a wide range of the warm growing season but only when moisture is adequate. Explaining why its mostly utilized in the Southeastern US, where proso or german/foxtail millet are a better fit and are more utilized in the great plain and corn belt regions. In general the far Northern US doesn't normally provide enough heat or moisture for browntop to reach its full potential. Optimum germination temperature is around 63-79F. Browntop has a very small seed so planting in a monoculture can cause distribution to be difficult, so farmers may use a median such as corn or soy meal to bulk up the product. With such a small seed size, soil crusting or heavy residue could cause emergence issues. If using as a warm season nurse crop only utilize 5-10# per acre is needed, as to not cause to much competition for your target species. To aid browntop in early competition with weeds, its suggested to planting into a weed-free, firm seed bed similar to the requirements of cereal grains and plant in narrow rows.

Ideal Planting Time
May- August
Ideal Planting Depth
1/4 - 1"
Min Germination Temp(F)
52
Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A)
15-20
Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A)
25-30
Reseeding Potential
Very Possible

Tolerance

Browntop millet grows best in light textured, well drained soils where full sunlight can be obtained. As long as the soil is well drained, with adequate moisture and adequate heat than this crop can be grown in an array of other conditions. Waterlogged, poorly drained or calcareous soil conditions won't be tolerated. Though a warm season grass, droughty conditions will cause this species to fail which explains why its most widely utilized in the Southeast US. Browntop has been able to grow in rocky or shallow soils from sea level all the way upto 8,000 ft. A more acidic soil pH is better suited. Temperatures lower than 50-52F won't be tolerated for very long before the species shuts down. Browntop is very responsive to N & P applications but to much N will greatly increase the odds of causing lodging. Only one hay cutting can be expected from this crop. Depending on the growth stage during cutting, this will terminate or severely limit regrowth.

Heat
8
Drought
5
Shade
2
Wet Soil Tolerance
1
Low Fertility
4
pH
5.0-7.5

*Based on a 1-10 scale. 1 = Poor : 5 = Average : 10 = Excellent